Day 8 - Dictionaries and Maps

November 08, 2017


Task

Given names and phone numbers, assemble a phone book that maps friends’ names to their respective phone numbers. You will then be given an unknown number of names to query your phone book for. For each queried, print the associated entry from your phone book on a new line in the form name=phoneNumber; if an entry for is not found, print Not found instead.

Note: Your phone book should be a Dictionary/Map/HashMap data structure.

Input Format

The first line contains an integer, , denoting the number of entries in the phone book. Each of the subsequent lines describes an entry in the form of space-separated values on a single line. The first value is a friend’s name, and the second value is an -digit phone number.

After the lines of phone book entries, there are an unknown number of lines of queries. Each line (query) contains a to look up, and you must continue reading lines until there is no more input.

Note: Names consist of lowercase English alphabetic letters and are first names only.

Constraints

Output Format

On a new line for each query, print Not found if the name has no corresponding entry in the phone book; otherwise, print the full and in the format name=phoneNumber.

Sample Input

3 sam 99912222 tom 11122222 harry 12299933 sam edward harry

Sample Output

sam=99912222 Not found harry=12299933

Explanation

We add the following (Key,Value) pairs to our map so it looks like this:

We then process each query and print key=value if the queried is found in the map; otherwise, we print Not found.

Query 0: sam Sam is one of the keys in our dictionary, so we print sam=99912222.

Query 1: edward Edward is not one of the keys in our dictionary, so we print Not found.

Query 2: harry Harry is one of the keys in our dictionary, so we print harry=12299933.

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import sys
n = int(input().strip())
book = {}
for i in range(n):
    item = input().strip().split(" ")
    book[item[0]]=item[1]

qry = input().strip()
while qry != "":
    
    if qry in book:
        num = book[qry]
        print(qry,end="=")
        print(num)
    else:
        print("Not found ")
    qry = input().strip()